How can a woman know that she is not at risk?

If the testing for active infection from oncogenic types of HPV is negative (HPV test), it is likely that she is not at risk in the immediate future.

However, there is always a risk of an old infection flaring up again or of a new infection by some other type of HPV which she is not aware of. Therefore, in order to protect her health she must undergo routine check-ups (HPV test and/or Pap test).

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