Transmission of the virus requires direct friction with skin or mucosa where HPV lesions are present. Simple transmission of the virus from person to person is not usually enough to cause inflammation. There must be friction, resulting in micro-abrasions, for the virus to penetrate the epithelium. This is why sexual contact (either vaginal or anal) is the easiest way for HPV to be transmitted. Other kinds of sexual contact (hand to genital contact, genital skin to genital skin contact without penetration, oral-genital contact, shared use of sexual devices) may also lead to inflammation, if there are abrasions on the epithelium and the immune system is not working properly – these however are considered less frequent modes of transmission.
Frequently Asked Questions
HPVs: What they are and what they cause
How frequent are subclinical lesions caused by HPV in the general population and what is the incidence compared to the incidence of genital warts?
- HPV and cancer
- Am I the only one with HPV?
How do you explain that many people are infected by HPV viruses but only a few have serious problems from them?Does the chance of infection by genital types of HPV increase depending on the number of sexual partners?
- How did I get HPV?
- When did I contract HPV and who gave it to me?
- What are the tests necessary for checking an HPV infection?
Pap testHPV DNA testColposcopyWhat does the doctor see under the microscope when examining a biopsy and what are the possible diagnoses?
- Will I always have HPV?
- How can I protect myself from HPV?
Men and HPV