A check-up usually includes a pelvic examination, a Pap test or HPV test, or both. The significance of the results of the check-up is shown in the table.
The doctor takes into consideration your history, age, and the results of the Pap test or HPV test. In most cases with abnormal findings, the next step is a colposcopy.
Whether biopsies will be taken or not will be assessed during the colposcopy.
If there are any serious lesions, your doctor may not rely only on isolated biopsies, but tell you that they must remove part of the cervix (usually if there is fear that there is an underlying cancer starting).
You must consult a doctor experienced on this subject (colposcopy specialist).