The woman sits in the gynecological chair, like she does during a gynecological examination. The doctor inserts the speculum inside the vagina and opens the vaginal canal to reveal the uterine cervix. A soft brush that looks like a tiny broom is brushed around the surface of the cervix and the endocervical canal, collecting cells. The test doesn’t hurt. It may cause mild crampy discomfort for the patient. These cells are later stained and evaluated through a microscope (Figure).
Frequently Asked Questions
HPVs: What they are and what they cause
- HPV and cancer
- Am I the only one with HPV?
How do you explain that many people are infected by HPV viruses but only a few have serious problems from them?Does the chance of infection by genital types of HPV increase depending on the number of sexual partners?
- How did I get HPV?
- When did I contract HPV and who gave it to me?
- What are the tests necessary for checking an HPV infection?
Pap testHPV DNA testColposcopyWhat does the doctor see under the microscope when examining a biopsy and what are the possible diagnoses?
- Will I always have HPV?
- How can I protect myself from HPV?
Men and HPV