The colposcope looks like a microscope. Its lenses magnify the image multiple times. The person looking through the colposcope can magnify the area that interests him multiple times (8, 12, 20, or even 30 times). The colposcope also has a strong light fitted onto it, which is adjusted by the user, as well as special green and blue filters that help its user identify details.
The colposcope was invented by Hans Hinselmann, from Germany, who started using it in 1924 to detect cancerous lesions on the cervix.
Today, the colposcope is used to locate precancerous lesions and cancer in the lower genital tract and the perianal area.