Will I get cancer if I get infected by high-risk HPVs?

Infection by high-risk HPV types alone is not enough to cause cancer. Many other adverse factors must be present (compromised immune system, genetic predisposition, contributing factors such as smoking, etc.). This explains the fact that although infection (by both low-risk and high-risk HPVs) is quite common in the general population, cancer cases are relatively few. Genital cancers caused by HPVs are preventable.