If an infection is discovered, what is the next step, what is the treatment and which subclinical lesions do we follow up?

The next step is usually a colposcopy, to look for premalignant lesions, if there are any.

No treatment is recommended, since most of these infections clear spontaneously.

Infections caused by oncogenic types of HPV require closer follow-up due to the risk for precancerous lesions and cancer. There is a higher risk when HPVs 16 and 18 are found.